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Prostatic diseases include benign or cystic hyperplasia, squamous metaplasia, paraprostatic cysts, prostatitis and prostatic neoplasias. In view of their greater sensitivity to genital and urinary tract infections and the presence of prostatic hyperplasia the predisposition for prostatic diseases is greater in dogs than in cats.   ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
Normal gait  in the dog and cat depends on the functional integrity of the cerebral cortex, the brainstem, cerebellum, spinal cord (ascending and descending pathways), peripheral nerves (sensory and motor), neuromuscular junctions and muscles. A voluntary movement is initiated by nerve impulses generated in the cerebral cortex or brainstem. The cerebellum co-ordinates these voluntary movements...
All the research carried out so far has clearly demonstrated that Canine parvovirus-2 (CPV-2)  [3]is an antigenic derivative of Feline panleucopenia virus (FPV) which developed around 1970. Indeed the amino acid homology of CPV-2 and FPV is more than 98%. The diagram below shows the probable evolution of CPV-2 over time: CPV-2 was initially spread among various different species of wild...
Mammary tumours are the third most frequent tumour in the cat, after hematopoietic and skin cancers, and represent around 17% of feline malignant tumours in the female and 1-5% in the male cat.6,7,49,14 Differently from what happens in the dog, around  85% of mammary lesions are malignant,18hence in terms of treatment  an early diagnosis and the exact understanding of the lymphatic and haematic...
Cheyletiellosis is a contagious, parasitic skin disease of dogs, cats and rabbits caused by mites of Cheyletiella spp.   MORPHOLOGY AND LIFE CYCLE OF THE PARASITE The mite has an oval-hexagonal body about 300-500 µm long with a well-developed rostrum and palps terminating with two prominent curved, opposing claws. The limbs are also developed and terminate in comb-shaped appendages (empodium) (...
Chlorambucil belongs to the class of alkylating agents (nitrogen mustards) and has both cytotoxic and immunosuppressive effects.   CHEMICAL STRUCTURE AND PHARMACOKINETIC PROPERTIES Following oral administration, chlorambucil is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract by passive diffusion, particularly if the patient is fasting. It is metabolised by the microsomal system in the liver....
It is often difficult to make a clinical diagnosis of distemper in the dog, particularly when the presentation is atypical; laboratory investigations are, therefore, indispensible. Infection by canine distemper virus (CDV) induces a specific antibody response although it is often not possible to use this information to make a diagnosis because the demonstration of antibodies by tests such as...

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The TSH stimulation test is currently the most reliable diagnostic demonstration of thyroid function


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